Gone were the days, refrigerators, microwave ovens, and air conditioners were just labelled as appliances. Today, they form an integral part of the decoration in a home. And with the Internet of Things (IoT) stepping into the home appliances, a new industry has come up. In 2020, the smart home appliances can reach up to 50 billion all over the world.
Now, a billionaire Indian household does have at least nine to ten devices containing IoT. In the next five years, it can reach till 500. And people will have no option but to buy them. Appliances without smart technology will be written off easily, as they do not have data. With smart technology in home appliances, you can get an alert from the washing machine after the tasks are complete. You can even view movies on the door of refrigerator. So, IoT is an interesting technology but yes, it has its own risks. Only when these challenges are overcome by enterprises, will the industry get accepted by customers.
Just imagine the core functioning of the IoT. All the home appliances get connected to one another or to your smart phone by the internet connection. And if the network gets hacked, you open a can of problems. If the security has been broken due to a cyber attack, then every appliance can suffer damage. And with it loss of credible data.
Let us look into some problems faced by IoT.
1. Internet Wall
Well, cyber attacks are the order of the day in every country. To improve security, in the future, every country may build a internet wall, that only its residents can have access to. There are also chances of regional internet walls. This will help improve security for every business enterprise.
Is there a chance this incident is going to happen? Not many will agree of the barriers. However, reported case of phishing in even developed countries may encourage local governments to follow suit.
Can you imagine the upload on a regional provider? In 2022, every house owner in the US will have many appliances related to the smart tech category. Visualize the upload on a internet channel.
2. Cloud Attacks
Yes, even the storage technology has changed. More data has passed to the cloud. So the cloud service providers are the major targets for hackers. There are not many able geeks around the world to ward off hacker attacks. In the future, if a cloud service provider gets hacked into, then the loss may amount to 120 billion.
3. AI-Built Security Issues
Remember the software virus that held many of the computers and laptops hostages with ransomware in 2017? Internet of Things can pose a big problem in these circumstances. When attacked with ransomware, the cloud server and connected networks can prove disastrous for every business enterprise ranging from educational institution to health care firms. Remember, when you switched on the computer and the spyware got updated on its own? Likewise, even the home appliances which get connected will have a anti-software that will get updated with ease. On its own. It may write a new code that can successfully ward off hackers. But yes, the connection has to get made with AI.
4. Limited AI
AI in case of home improvement is available, but it has limits. Yes, the machine learning and big data analysis are there, but it cannot suit the habits and characters of all humans in the world. In the future, AI in home appliances may get a boost. But yes, focus also has to be made on security issues. How will it mean, if a third individual hacks into the Wi-FI of your home and controls the fridge and microwave oven? AI and IoT may work in combination with regards to home appliances, but security procedures will have to be put in place.
5. Internet of Things
Yes, the world has gone global. But in many countries, the public have not yet adapted to the Internet of Things. The respective country governments and companies give support to IoT. But the general public is yet to get warm to the idea. Their main focus is on security. They are more focused on the challenges and problems to be faced if their WiFi gets hacked.
6. Lack of Confidence
Is understanding IoT so difficult?
The general public use Whatsapp and other apps easily, but they are all free. The most important part, they are simple to use programs. When concerned with home appliances and IoT, they are expensive. So, a normal middle class India will think twice before buying the appliance. There may arise doubts in mind about the heavy expense if a smart appliance gets repaired.
And technology has moved at a fast pace. There are two types of the general public that exist today. One has knowledge to use the smart appliances of every type and the second type is totally ignorant of the advances in technology or devices. In fact, there are some people, who have stayed busy in their daily life and forgot to grasp the technology updates.
If you come to the description of Internet of Things (IoT), then the medium is of data exchange. It can be any appliance – right from preparation of coffee maker to air conditioner. But yes, the basic tools remain common. A internet connection, smart phone and if you need a internet router.
Have you received mail from a bank for a new credit card? You have never shared your details and yet the private bank sends you a mail. Now, compare the same situation with your Internet of Things (IoT). You definitely need to enter some information in the smart home appliance to get control with a smartphone. But how do you know that the information in the app will stay confidential? It is this factor that majority of the general public feel that there should be security guidelines. In short, the data should not fall in the hands of others.
All said and done, home appliance organizations all over the world are jumping on to the IoT bandwagon. Yes, there are risks, but they will get mitigated in the passage of time. Now, let us imagine a situation. You are a resident of Hyderabad. Being a entrepreneur, you have a smart home appliance, for example, the water purifier. You have the app by which you can get alerts. One day, you find a puddle of water below the water purifier. SO what do you do? You checked the manufacturer’s manual in the app, and it suggests to call a washing machine repair technician. Now, with the warranty period over, you do not want to waste time making calls to find the best technician for water purifier service in Hyderabad. So, you check the best companies which offer doorstep services in Hyderabad and book a request for the technician to come to your home. He comes and fixes the problem. This is the present situation. In the future, the smart water purifier will give a alert for repair and maintenance. It may also send alert to the nearby water purifier mechanic. So, shall we hope for the best?